Teacher Evaluation: HB 362
On June 3, 2014, Ohio legislature passed Ohio Substitute House Bill 362. This bill redefined the Ohio Teacher Evaluation System for the previous and upcoming school years. Upon its passage, HB 362 affected the OTES in two ways:
- It rewarded exceptional teachers with less frequent evaluations while still giving them notes for improvement.
- It allowed school districts to choose the evaluation structure.
With the original evaluation structure, a teacher was evaluated with a teacher performance rating and a student academic growth rating. The teacher performance rating consists of a professional growth plan, two 30-minute observations, and walkthroughs.
The academic growth rating of a student can be seen as the impact (whether negative or positive) a teacher has had on his or her student.
A teacher’s performance rating is composed of the standards determined by the Ohio Standards for the Teaching Profession. These current standards can be summed up as the following:
- The teacher understands that every student is different.
- The teacher is a master in their area of expertise.
- The teacher understands and utilizes the tools at their disposal.
- The teacher ensures the educational advancement of their diverse classroom.
- The teacher creates a successful and healthy learning environment.
- The teacher is approachable and maintains a constant flow of communication that aids and ensures the education of the student.
- The teacher is in a constant state of growth and development to become a better individual and leader in their field.
Given the somewhat volatile nature of a growing child, student growth measures aren’t as straightforward. For the purpose of a teacher evaluation, student growth can be measured in three ways:
- Value Added – A measurable statistic that varies from state to state. It helps educators determine the impact that a school and its faculty has on its student body.
- Approved Vendor Assessments – If there is no value added data available, schools have the option of contacting national vendors to measure student growth. The assessments must follow certain curriculum objectives, accommodate the abilities of every student, be considered a standard that measures educational growth, and be completely effective when paired with the Teacher Effectiveness scale.
- Locally Determined Measures – The most nebulous of the three measurements, locally determined measures are utilized when normal testing wouldn’t apply. These measures vary from district to district and are circumstantial. Additionally, they rely heavily on student learning objectives. These objectives demonstrate the impact a teacher has had on his or her students.
While the use of the alternate evaluation structure may sound like a complete overhaul of a tried and true system, rest assured it is not. With the inclusion of the alternative evaluation structure under HB 362, the alternative system makes use of the key components of the original evaluation structure (personal growth plan, observations, and walkthroughs) plus an agreed upon tool decided by the school district.
The additional tools include: teacher self-evaluations, peer review evaluations, student portfolios, and student surveys.
The Teacher Self Evaluation alternative component is exactly what it sounds like. The teacher analyzes their strengths and weaknesses based on verifiable evidence that they provide and how all of that has been impacting their students.
The evaluation itself is a four-page survey that the teacher is supposed to fill out through the course of the school year. During that year, the teacher is required to evaluate their interactions with their students, the management of their course content, testing procedures, how they convey educational information, how they communicate, the learning environment they are responsible for, and their own personal growth.
The Peer Review Evaluation is seen as a collaborative effort between the teacher and an assigned peer reviewer. Peer reviews are also considered an ongoing process that is composed of self reflection and analysis, a summary of information, an area of focus (e.g. weakness) paired with a plan of action, implementation of POA and analysis.
The Student Portfolio evaluation tool gives the teacher a chance to see how their personal efforts have impacted teaching processes and learning. With the portfolio, evidence is collected via the student that demonstrates how well a teacher plans and delivers the course material as well as how the student performs on tests. From this information a picture is assembled that dictates the next course of action in the teacher’s development.
All information collected by portfolio is measured against the Standards for the Teaching Profession.
The Student Survey is the final tool that determines a teacher’s effectiveness. Student surveys give the student an opportunity to score their teacher on a 1 to 4 scale (1 being ‘ineffective’ and 4 being ‘very effective’).
Should a district choose this option, they are required to contact the survey vendor in order to determine how the survey is used for their evaluation. In general, the survey must be reliable, valid, grounded in research, and in line with Ohio Teaching Standards.
Ohio House Substitute Bill has been in effect since September 11, 2014.
Alternative Components. (n.d.). Retrieved August 13, 2015, from http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Teaching/Educator-Evaluation-System/Ohio-s-Teacher-Evaluation-System/Alternative-Components
FAQs about Teacher Evaluation and House Bill 362 (effective 2014). (n.d.). Retrieved August 13, 2015, from http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Teaching/Educator-Evaluation-System/District-Educator-Evaluation-Systems/FAQs-about-HB-362-and-Teacher-Evaluation
Retrieved August 13, 2015, from http://education.ohio.gov/getattachment/Topics/Teaching/Educator-Evaluation-System/Ohio-s-Teacher-Evaluation-System/Teacher-PerformanceRatings/Rev_TeachingProfession_aug10.pdf.aspx
Student Growth Measures for Teachers. (n.d.). Retrieved August 13, 2015, from http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Teaching/Educator-Evaluation-System/Ohio-s-Teacher-Evaluation-System/Student-Growth-Measures
Substitute House Bill Number 362, 130th General Assembly Retrieved from http://archives.legislature.state.oh.us/BillText130/130_HB_362_EN_N.pdf